Article by Rev. Bishop D. Fernando Rifan
Apostolic Administrator and Third Order Member
Near the border with Lebanon, the Mount Carmel, stands up 600 meters above the sea level and it is located in the land of Israel. "Carmen" in Hebrew, means "vine" and "El" means "Lord", where Carmelo means the Lord's vineyard. The prophet Elijah took refuge there, He was the one performed great miracles there, and then his successor, Elisha. They gathered on Mount Carmel with his disciples and they lived in hermitages. In the small cloud that produced rain after the great drought, Elijah saw symbolically Mary, the mother of the expected Messiah. Therefore, Mary was prophetically venerated by these hermits and after the coming of Christ, by his Christian successors, as Our Lady of Mount Carmel.
In the twelfth century, the muslims conquered the Holy Land and began to persecute the Christians, among them the hermits of Mount Carmel, many of whom fled to Europe. In the year 1241, the Baron de Grey of England was returning from the Crusades to the Christian armies, summoned to defend and protect against muslims pilgrims of the Holy Places, and brought a group of religious of Mount Carmel, giving them a home in the village Aylesford. Joined them a hermit named Simon Stock, English illustrious family of the county of Kent. So distinguished in the religious life, the Carmelites elected as Superior General of the Order, which had spread throughout Europe.
On July 16, 1251, in the convent of Cambridge in England, the saint man earnestly prayed to so that Our Lady gave him a sign of her maternal affection towards the Carmelite Order, for her beloved, but then very persecuted. The Blessed Virgin heard the fervent prayers of St. Simon Stock, giving him as proof of Her affection and love for that Order, the Brown Scapular as protective vestment, making sound the well known and comforting promise: "Receive, my son, this scapular of thy Order, which is the earnest of the privilege that I reached for you and all the children of Carmel. Whoever dies with this Scapular shall be preserved from eternal fire. It is therefore a sign of salvation, a defense in danger and pledge of my special protection. "
Pope Pius XII, in a letter to all Carmelites, on February 11, 1950, wrote that among the manifestations of devotion to the Blessed Virgin "should put the devotion of the Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in the first place, for its simplicity , to everyone, and the abundant fruits of holiness, is widely disseminated among the Christian faithful. "But does a warning about its effectiveness, so it is not used as superstition: "The holy Scapular, as Marian vestment, is a pledge and a sign of God's protection; but do not judge those who use power to achieve eternal life, abandoning himself to indolence and spiritual laziness. "
* Bishop of the Personal Apostolic Administration of St. John Vianney
542 Article II - OUR LADY OF CARMO.doc
home page : www.flordocarmelo.org
Traditional Third Order Carmelites
Campos - RJ - Brazil
Affiliated to Apostolic Administration
St. John Mary Vianney -
Extraordinary Form of Latin Mass
Pastor : Dom Fernando Rifan
Spiritual Director : Fr. Everaldo Bon Robert
Official Website : www.soucarmelita.com.br